Referee Test

Please complete the following test. There are 50 questions. All questions are either true/false or multiple choice.

To pass, you must get a perfect score. But don't worry, I will help you when you need it!

When you have passed the test, you will be asked to print the final page and show it to your league supervisor to be recorded for future seasons.

Please fill in your name and the name of your team. These are used for the online test only and are not retained or distributed in any way after the test has been completed.


1. T
The referee's whistle should sound the same for a service or a timeout.
2. T
A player is "under" if their foot is partly past the centerline and their heel is directly above the centerline, but is clearly not touching the centerline.
3. T
I'm under if my hand is on the centerline and one part of my finger touches past the centerline.
4. T
Foot fault: Server steps on the extension of the sideline (but not past it) before contacting the ball.
5. T
Foot fault: Server steps on the endline at the same time she contacts the ball.
6. T
One of the players on the serving team has his foot on the sideline but not outside. This is a foul.
7. T
Before starting a match, the referee should: give scoresheet/clipboard to 1 linesperson, flipscore to other linesperson (try to see that all the flipscores are on the same side of the gym), remind umpire to watch for nets and unders and to mimic the ref's hand signals. Also have a whistle handy.
8. T
If only 1 or 2 players see a ball roll on to the court, the ref should let play continue.
9. T
2 teams can't agree on a game ball. The ref should let the serving team use the ball of their choice each game (or call for the supervisor).
10. T
A linespersion should always stand.
11. T
It is recommended but not required for umpires to have whistles.
12. T
If an official sees a potential overlap (or a dead ball foul before the ball has been served), he should warn the offending player(s). Note: If a ball has been legally served after a whistle and someone overlaps, then it is an overlap.
13. T
There is more than one legal hand signal for a lifted ball.
14. T
There is more than one legal hand signal for a double hit.
15. T
In Recreational B, a questionable set should be judged as to whether the setter was facing the intended direction of the set (front or back) or not.
16. T
Linesperson's responsibilities: Calling balls in or out, touches off the block, overhead obstructions, foot faults, but NOT players going into the other court.
17. T
A good umpire should be able to call a ball in or out at her feet while a play at the net is going on.
18. T
It is legal to block or spike a serve.
19. T
A ref and umpire should trade jobs at the end of each game.
20. T
The linesperson calls out that Team A touched the net (the ref didn't see it). The ref should call a net.
21. T
To be considered a block, part of the player's body must be above the height of the net when contacting the ball.
22. T
You can play a ball off the ceiling as long as it is over playable area on your side of the net, and you still had a legal hit remaining.
23. T
Open-hand dinks: As long as the ball is directed in 1 motion in 1 direction, it is legal. (Note: The ball cannot visibly come to rest against any bodily part. Use "1 motion, 1 direction" as criteria.)
24. T
During a rally, team A bumps, sets and hits. The 3rd hit (the spike) goes directly into team A's side of the net. As soon as it starts to fall to the ground (clearly with no chance to go over) the ref should blow the whistle to stop play.
25. T
To start a match, the ref should always have a coin ready to flip to determine serve and side of court.
26. T
If a team requests a 3rd timeout, the referee should refuse it and direct play to continue.
27. T
A referee can overrule a linesperson or umpire's call.
28. T
This is the current serving rule and not part of question #28: "You now have 8 seconds, after the whistle is blown, to put the serve in play, and you only get one toss. If you catch the toss or let it fall to the floor, it's a sideout and a point for the other team." Now, here's the question: A ref sees a player not clearly toss or drop the ball from his hand before serving. The ref should blow the whistle and signal a replay (2 thumbs up) while warning the player. If it occurs again on the same service, then it's a sideout and a point for the other team.
29. T
Team A sets a ball directly on top of the net. Team A hitter legally has the first right to contact the ball.
30. T
Team A sets the ball completely over the net. Team A hitter can reach across and spike the ball.
31. T
Team A sets a ball completely across the net, team B spikes the ball first, then team A can reach across and legally block it.
32. T
When a player touches the net, the ref should always touch the side of the net that the foul occurs on.
33. T
A good ref blows the whistle, shows proper hand signal for 1-2 seconds, then signals point/sideout
34. T
A spiked ball hits the left back player in the head. The ball comes back across the net and falls to the floor (so does the left back player). This is an illegal play of the ball.
35. T
Only adjacent players (directly in front, back, or to the side) can be called for an overlap.
36. T
Players who "deep dish" (massage) should be closely scrutinized when setting laterally since there is more of a tendency for the ball to "visibly come to rest".
37. T
This is legal: A backrow player jumps at the net, contacting a ball that was partially below the height of the net and sends it across the net to the opponent's side.
38. T
This is legal: A tall, backrow setter (without jumping) contacts the ball completely above the height of the net in front of the 10 foot line and sends it across the net to the opponent's side.
39. T
If someone contacts the net before, during or after they are involved in a play at the net, it is a net. Non-calls on inadvertent nets are intended for players away from the play who brush against the net, not affecting play.
40. T
It's okay for a referee or umpire to lean against the pole while officiating.
41. 2 players contact the ball simultaneously, but the ball continues moving and falls on team B's side of the net, out of bounds.
a Held ball, call for a play over.
b Sideout for team B (team A touched it last).
c Sideout for team A (team B touched it last).
d Pray for rain.
42. A team starts a match with 5 players, the 6th player shows up after the first serve.
a That player is barred from the game.
b That player may sub in, but the number must remain at 5.
c Restart the game.
d Player enters at server position to make 6.
43. At service, ref uses hand signal, other hand:
a Is in his pocket.
b Is resting on the net.
c Is resting against the standard.
d Is reaching for her yellow and red cards.
44. A lifted ball would be:
a 1st ball over the net, player hits with 2 fists apart.
b A ball bouncing cleanly off a foot or knee.
c Any ball that visibly comes to rest against a bodily part.
d An open-handed dink directed in one motion, one direction.
45. Without antennae, out of bounds is considered:
a The linesperson's discretion.
b Inside of the standard.
c Anything goes as long as it crosses the net.
d The extension of the sideline to the ceiling.
46. Overlap occurs when:
a LF is behind CB
b RF is to the left of CF
c LB and CB are both in front of RF
d the dreaded "All of the Above"
47. Non captain questions your last call:
a Warn him/her that only the captain should talk with the referee.
b Warn the captain.
c If it happens again, then a yellow card.
d Again, then red card.
e All of the above, in that order.
48. After looking to see that both sides are ready:
a Blow whistle, then give hand signal.
b Give hand signal, then blow whistle.
c Perform both simultaneously.
d Just do one or the other.
49. A double-hit is legal when:
a It's the first ball on your side of the net, only 1 attempt to play the ball and it's not a lift.
b It's not an attempted set (no finger action).
c Only on a hard-driven spike.
d All of the above.
50. Between games, a ref should direct players to:
a Not hit any balls.
b Dink only.
c Hit into their own court.
d Work on their passing instead.

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